The five-year HIV/AIDS case rate declined throughout the 1990's, experienced little fluctuation from the 1998-2002 time period, and has begun to decrease from 2003-2007.
The 2007-2011 5-year rate is 23% lower than the prior 5 year rate.
The exception to this declining rate is for the year 2012, which is slightly higher than 2011.
Meanwhile, the proportion of HIV or AIDS cases that are reported in urban settings increased during this period, so that 85% of reported HIV/AIDS prevalent and emergent infections occur in urban counties that contain 76% of the state population.
Between 2007-2011, the emergence of HIV/AIDS in Black Non-Hispanics is 164% higher than the statewide average.
This is consistent with national data, in that the CDC estimate 46% of new diagnoses are Black Non-Hispanic, though only composing 12% of the overall population.
Arizona has 4 border counties that lie directly on the U. These border counties, together, represent approximately 1,597 AIDS cases, or 20% of the total for the state, with 128 AIDS cases and 98 HIV cases reported in Yuma County; 95 AIDS cases and 114 HIV cases in Cochise County; 26 AIDS cases and 18 HIV cases in Santa Cruz County; and 1,330 of AIDS cases and 1,097 HIV cases in Pima County.
Arizona had a population of 6,553,255, in 2012 with 2,276 new AIDS cases and 1,059 new cases of HIV reported over the years of 2007-2011.
Men accounted for nearly 87% of HIV/AIDS cases, and women accounted for only 13%.Of the total newly reported AIDS cases 2007-2011, 57% were in men who have sex with men (MSM), injection drug users (IDUs) made up 8% of the cases, MSM/IDU were 5.6%, heterosexual contact was associated with 9.9%, blood product recipients and hemophiliacs made up only 0.4%, though the transmission in the remaining 18.0% of cases was unknown.The proportion of HIV cases diagnosed in MSM increased during this period relative to previous reports.The availability of services and HIV/AIDS training opportunities are somewhat limited in all four counties.Mental health and substance abuse services are primarily provided by Southeastern Arizona Behavioral Health Services, Inc.; HIV/AIDS services are provided through private practitioners or community clinics; and training is provided primarily by the Arizona AIDS Education and Training Center (PAETC) located in Tucson.Resources by county are described, below, as are resources available in Tucson which, while a few miles outside of the border-defined area, also has HIV/AIDS resources that those living in the border area may chose to access.